Red wine Barrel. 8 months in French and American oak barrels. Volume: 75 cl. Winery: Cuatro Pasos. Production area: D.O. Bierzo. Grapes used in this wine: Mencía.
Rosé wine Young. Volume: 75 cl. Winery: Cuatro Pasos. Production area: D.O. Bierzo. Grapes used in this wine: Mencía.
Red wine Young. Volume: 75 cl. Winery: Cuatro Pasos. Production area: D.O. Bierzo. Grapes used in this wine: Mencía.
D.O.: D.O. Bierzo
Due to the importance that this grape variety has acquired in the last two decades, and thanks to its varietal richness, Bodegas Martín Códax becomes interested in the creation of a quality Mencía wine. After months of investigation on behalf of the field technicians of Martín Códax, they reached the conclusion that the best area to carry out a new winemaking project was El Bierzo, for the characteristics of its climate and soils, and for the magnificent old vineyards they found there. In this search, they discovered some century-old Mencía vines in the high mountains, with a magnificent potential for the production of quality wines. But much to their surprise, that was not the only discovery. In these lands they also found bear prints, leading the team to commit to this endangered animal. This inspired them to give this name to the winery and the wine.
History of the winery
The winery opened in 2003 in the small municipality of Cacabelos, province of León, within D.O. Bierzo, in a stately home of the 18th century with large rooms and high ceilings, abandoned for some decades. Its foundations have always known about the art of winemaking and its floors were dyed thousands of times with the must of the Mencía.
In its recovery, the ancient and the modern perfectly combine. The stables gave way to the wineries, and the old concrete deposits now serve as ageing rooms. Its facilities, always constantly expanded and renovated, are modern, large, luminous, clean and aseptic. They have noble materials like wood, granite and slate, which combine with the shiny stainless steel, the sophisticated cooling equipment, the new pneumatic presses and a few barrels. Currently, the winery has a 43,000-litre stainless steel deposit, 10 of 21,000 litres, 24 of 10,100 litres, 1 of 4,000 litres, 4 of 2,200 litres, 3 of 1,000 litres and 2 of 500 litres. They also have a barrel stock of 200 barrels, 80% of French oak and 20% of American oak, with medium to high toasting and with capacities of 300 and 225 litres.
Bodegas Cuatro Pasos manages around 65 hectares of vineyards. These are not owned by the winery, but by other vinegrowers. However, they are managed and controlled by the winery’s staff. These vineyards are located on the mountains, the mountain slopes and the valley, thus giving the winery several profiles of Mencía grapes that lead to very different wines for different audiences and consumers. This variety of vineyards are located in Otero de Villadecanes, Valtuille de Abajo, Villadecanes, Parandones, Valtuille de Arriba, Villafranca del Bierzo and Cacabelos. They are mainly cultivated on slate soils, although we can also find clayey, sandy and decomposing calcareous soils. The average age of the vineyards is of around 80 years old, but they also have young vineyards that are around 30 years, and even some that are 100.
At Cuatro Pasos they actively work with the environment, always in the search for sustainability and reducing the carbon footprint to the maximum extent. Specifically, their R&D&i projects are aimed at reducing the environmental impact in the area of viticulture and combating the effects of climate change. Sustainability is an essential goal that must be reached by all the human team of the winery. As they have been doing at Bodegas Martín Códax, at Cuatro Pasos field work is also essential. This work will yield grapes that allow them to make high-quality wines with an unquestionable value for money.
Therefore, the vineyards are visited during the entire growth cycle of the vines. The information they gather is cross-checked with analyses and grape tastings to establish work guidelines for the winegrowers. On the other hand, they also classify the different types of vineyards, which are updated and validated year after year. Later on, at the winery, this classification will be used to take utmost advantage of the natural potential of each area. They use the vineyards with a fresher profile to make rosé wines and the more concentrated areas to make wines that are aged in barrels. This way, they have a more logic and organised way of working and, most of all, of highlighting and exploiting to the maximum extent the natural potential of the Mencía vineyards.
Wines from Cuatro Pasos
Below is the list of wines made by the winery Cuatro Pasos:
Cuatro Pasos was the first wine made by this winery. It was created from a selection of Mencía vineyards, most of them over 60 years old, from the areas of Valtuille, Villadecanes, Otero and Villafranca. It is aged shortly for 2-3 months in 300-litre American oak barrels. This wine has a medium intensity. The red fruit, like cherries and plums stand out, as well as flowery notes of violets. It has a vanilla spice background with roasted and mineral notes. Fresh, enveloping and with a good structure in the mouth. It has marked fruity notes.
Cuatro Pasos Rosado is a varietal of Mencía that comes from the most fresh vineyards of the valley of El Bierzo, located in the areas of Otero and Villadecanes, and planted on clayey and mineral soils. It goes through a pre-fermentation maceration for 12 and 14 hours. Then, it remains in stainless steel deposits with temperature control. The result is an elegant, sweet and fruity wine, with floral notes highlighted by the varietal character of the Mencía.
Cuatro Pasos “Black” is a 100% Mencía from low-yield balanced vines. Most of them are over 80 years old. They come from vineyards located on slopes in the area of El Bierzo. After vinification, it is aged for 7 to 8 months in 225-litre French and American oak barrels of medium roasting. It is a medium-high intensity wine, with prevailing varietal aromas of black fruit (blackberries, prunes, cassis), harmoniously assembled with roasted notes of its ageing, spices and smoked notes on a mineral background. In the mouth, it is powerful and glyceric, with a very well integrated amiable tannin.
Pizarras de Otero is made from old Mencía vines, cultivated on the slate soils of Otero. It is a young wine presented without frills. It shows the strength of its youth, fruity, with its varietal character and mineral notes. Ample and complex on the nose. The acidity of the Mencía also gives it great freshness.
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