Château Lafite Rothschild is a red coupage made with 80 to 95% Cabernet Sauvignon, 5 to 20% Merlot and 0 to 5% Petit Verdot and Cabernet Franc. It is one of the 5 Bordeaux Premier Grand Cru, and is classified as an AOC Paudillac Premier Grand Cru wine.
Château Lafite Rothschild is a winery owned by Domaines Barons de Rothschild. The name Lafite comes from the term “la hite”, meaning “hillock”. It is located in the Medoc region, in northeastern Bordeaux. The main house on the estate dates back to the 16th century. The winery's circular room was designed by architect Ricard Bofill and opened in 1987.
The Château Lafite Rothschild vineyards have calcareous, sandy and gravelly soils, which means they facilitate water drainage and therefore the ripening of the grapes. The total area of the vineyard is about 112 hectares. The average age of the vines is about 40 years. Grapes from plants under 10 years old are not used for Gran Vin. The oldest patch of land, called “La Gravière”, was planted in 1886. Eric Kohler is the technical director of the Château. Yields are carefully monitored, harvests are done manually, operations throughout the year are also manual, and only organic fertilisers are used.
The Château Lafite Rothschild vintage is separated by plots and fermented in steel tanks and oak vats. Malolactic fermentation takes place in foudres, after which the wine is aged for 18 to 20 months in new French oak barrels.
Château Lafite Rothschild is an intense and powerful but elegant and subtle wine with extraordinary aging potential. About 16,000 cases are produced annually.