Biodynamic and Organic Wines!

Every day our interest as consumers in ecological and organic products is increasing, and wines were never going to be an exception. Have you never thought of buying an organic wine?

When we hear of ecological products, we think of products that have been produced in a more natural and enivronemntally friendly way than those that are not ecological, yet at times we don’t really know what the difference is. And when we start to talk about biodynamic products we start to really get lost.

In this post we are going to explain the difference between ecologically produced and biodynamically produced wines in comparison to conventional agriculture.

Are you ready?
Let´s begin!

Vino orgánico y vino biodinámico

We will start with ecological wines, also known as bio or organic wines. We know that these wines are produced using ecological agriculture, but what does that really mean?

Ecological, or organic agriculture is a term applied to farming techniques that exclude, or reduce to the maximum, chemical fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides and other chemical products in order to preserve the environment by not reducing the soil fertility over time. But an ecological wine is not simply made from organically grown grapes, we must also consider the winemaking process too. Ecological wines are also wines in which the quantity of Sulphurs used is reduced. Sulfur Dioxide is a compound of sulfur and oxygen that is added to the wine and acts as an antioxident, antiseptic and disinfectant.

Then we have biodynamic wines, that have been cultivated following the principles of biodynamic agriculture. What do we mean when we say ´following the principles of biodynamic agriculture`? At a conceptual level we could say that it is about considering the vineyard as a living thing. A living part of the environment that has to develop.

Let´s say the vineyard must be able to develop its own immune system to deal with possible diseases and microbes. Fine, but how does a vineyard devloped its own defenses? Primarily through exposure to microorganisms that form the ecosystem. When practising biodynamic agriculture, cow horns are buried next to the vineyards stuffed with animal excrement, with the purpose of obtaining natural soil bacteria, helping the vines build up their natural defenses.

Biodynamic vineyards are also aided by other natural preparations such as nettles that help get rid of pests. Herbicides are also replaced by animals, who not only eat the grass growing in the vineyard, but help fertilize with their droppings. Biodynamic farming also attaches great importance to the influence that the planets have on Earth. Therefore, the lunar calendar determines the date for important tasks such as pruning and harvesting.

During the production of the wines, the use of sulfur is again minimized, or excluded if possible. The yeasts used during fermentation come from the vineyards themselves, which gives the wine a personal character of the land from where the grapes grew.

That is another important feature of biodynamic wines, they attempt to convey the character of the land from which they come from. Therefore, the intervention at the winery is usually minimal, letting the wine develop its own features. The result is wines with distinct personalities. That’s why every day more consumers who want to buy biodynamic wine. We look forward to the progression of this type of wine.

If you want to read a little more about biodynamics, have a look at the blog post “biodynamic wines, what are they and how are they made” we wrote some time ago.

If you’ve been wanting to try wines made from these methods, here you can see the offer we have at Decá We have both organic wines and biodynamic wines.

We hope you enjoy them as much as we do!

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