D.O. Ribeiro

La Treixadura has established itself as the prominent variety of the Ribeiro. The variety has become irreplaceable in the region, responsible for the fame reached by the regions wines, as well as their glorious past. It is a well planted strain, vigorous, fairly resistant to disease, with middle productivity and late maturing, which helps produced wines with a spectacular and personal variety character, full of freshness and flavour on the mouth, and added mystery.

There is evidence that the romans first produced wine in Ribeiro, but modern history tells us that it was also the first region in Galicia to produce wines with their own identity. In the thirteenth century Alfonso X referred to the wines here as the “buenos vinos de Orense” (the good wines of Orense).


Between the 10th and 13th centuries vine cultivation spread across Galicia, thanks to the work of the monks in the orders of San Benito and San Bernardo. Here the Ribeiro estates of Santa María de San Clodio and, further south, the vineyards of Salnés, which belong to the Santa María de Armenteira monastery.


Not surprisingly Galicia was one of the destinations of one of the most important cultural routes of the Middle Ages, the Camino de Santiago (St James’ Way). El Camino de Santiago, which was a symbol of the Christian Resistance against Islamic Imperialist expansion, created close ties of communication between Galicia and European medieval kingdoms. The English Crusaders stopped in Galicia to stock up on wine and enjoy the last Christian food (ham, hams, sausages), before continuing its journey to the Mediterranean by the Iberian Coast under Muslim rule. 


The influence of monastic wine culture in Galicia (as opposed to what happened in other regions of Spain, under Islamic occupation), meant that development in the region followed a parallel to the great evolution occurring in the great vineyards of Central Europe. Even the most popular saints of European vineyards aroused great devotion in Galicia, such as San Martín, patron of Orense, to who the first wines of the year are still  that the first wines of the year is still devoted. 


Monks in the region created a school of viticulture, given that the land donated to the monasteries was not profitable nor easy to work, and were therefore forced to improve their farming practises with well-studied techniques. Moreover, the location of Galicia on the border with various kingdoms (Portugal, Leon and Asturias), favoured cultural exchanges, which were very important for the wine.


The same Cistercians who built monasteries in Galicia settled in the great monastery of Alcobaça (c. XII), laying the foundations for Portuguese viticulture. Bishops and feudal lords actually encouraged the planting of new vineyards in Galicia as a profitable crop and as a symbol of a prosperous economy for farmers who occupied the lands under Christian rule. Vineyards usually occupied the best estates. In addition, Galicia’s trade relations with the British Isles opened the way to the great European wines.  During the Middle Ages, the easiest exporting routes for Mediterranean wines followed the Spanish coast towards Galicia, stopping mainly in the estuary of the Miño.


Wines from Ribeiro de Ribadavia was already enjoying international fame during the fourteenth century. Over two million visitors each year arrived in Santiago during the golden age of the pilgrimage, with wine consumption becoming so abundant that in the sixteenth century growers of Ribadavia established control standards to ensure the authenticity of their wines.  


The British also contributed to the progress of oenological techniques, introducing the technique of the addition of sulphur to help preserve export wines. However, when relations between England and Spain became frosty under the reign of Philip II, British merchants soon forgot wines from Ribadavia and left for Viana de Costelo in Portugal.


Competition from the Portuguese always proved difficult for Galician grape growers. To make matters worse, in the mid nineteenth century Portuguese vineyards contracted a fatal disease that spread to Galician vineyards: mildew. Also during the same period the region had the misfortune of suffering its first deadly attack: powdery mildew and then phylloxera, which destroyed the best Galician vineyards. Wines were then produced on a small scale local, artisan level, rustic, and for many decades this was a pending issue.


Just remember that just a couple of decades ago, the popularity of Galician wine focused on the shady white wines and skimmed reds, consumed from “Cuncas” or “Taziñas”, with consumers mistaking them for ecological or natural wines, when they were infact just unfinished.


Luckily, Galicians soon realised that this type of wine had little future in a consumer society, and began to take leaps and bounds into modernity. Generally, grape growers and winemakers in the region gave time and had patience in recovering the valuable and authentic varieties of the land, while modern winemaking came about in record time. In short, the modernisation and expansion of viticulture in the region lead to the official recognition of the DO Ribeiro in 1957, which was the first appellation wines of Galicia.


The DO Ribeiro is located in the northwest corner of Spain, in southern Galicia, in the north-western edge of the Orense province, in the confluences of the valleys formed by the Miño, Avia, Arnoia and Barbantiño rivers. The DO has an area of around 3,000 hectares of registered vineyards spread across 65,000 separate plots, with 6,000 registered winegrowers, 31 wineries and 85 colleiteiros.


 


Climate, Soils and Varieties.


The peculiar climate of the region is favoured by natural barriers and its southern inland location, which protect the territory from sub-Atlantic storms and provide an ecoclimate that is a transition zone between oceanic and Mediterranean. The climate is therefore humid. Temperatures are warm at an annual average of 15ºC, with warm summers and cold winters. Its moderate characteristics intermediate between the oceanic and Mediterranean climates allow the fruit of the vines mature, while retaining the flavour and freshness.


In regards to soils, the region home to predominantly sandy-loam soils, although it also can be found in areas free textures alluvial sediments and finer textures on metamorphic rocks. Predominance of sandy soils are warm and texture with good drainage, which together with low rainfall from July to September, favour water stress during ripening. The organic matter content ranging between 1 and 4% for the topsoil and usually below 3% in the basement, sufficient for the development of a significant microbial activity without generating excessive force.


The Regulatory Council of the DO Ribeiro has authorised up to 16 varieties of grape. The most predominant varieties include the Treixadura, Albariño, Godello, Torrontés and Loureira, as well as the experimental yet authorised varieties Albilla, Macabeo and Palomino. In regards to the red varieties, the region grows Caiño, Ferron, Sousón, Brancellao and Mencia, as well as the Garnacha Tintorera and Tempranillo.


 


Wines and wineries of the DO Ribeiro.


The DO Ribeiro is home to large wineries, family run wineries, as well as cooperatives. The wines from the DO Ribeiro are principley white wines, which represent 85% of production, while the rest are red wines.


However the traditional “tostado del Ribeiro” deserves special mention, a naturally sweet wine. To produce this wine, the must is obtained from a selection of the best grapes which are pacified. The production of this wine is done on a small scale, and is laborious and complex. It is as true unique gem of oenology. The physical and chemical characteristics of the tostado del Ribero is its alcoholic strength, usually between 13-15% vol, and a minimum residual sugars, which are between 100 and 150 grams per litre.


Viña Mein. This winery was founded in 1988 and owned by the Alén family, in the village of San Clodio, where the family acquired the Mein estate in the early 90’s and replanted 18 hectares of vineyards on the best slopes of the Valle del Avia (San Clodio and Gomariz) with the Treixadura, Godello, Lado, Loureira, Torrontés and Albariño grapes, as well as constructing a well-equipped and modern winemaking facilities, which later expanded with a small rural friendly hotel that welcomed wine lovers and enthusiasts to stay at the winery and taste the various wines. Since 2015, the production and development of all the wines at the winery has been put in charge of the Comando G group, with annual production around 80,000 bottles, 75% of which is the classic Viña Mein Blanco, where the varietal filigree used to produce this wine made it unique and personal, with tropical fruity aromas, fresh herbs, and a floral background. Very fresh and with a good weight in the mouth. The other 25% from the winery is “vinos de paraje” from selected plots: the whites Tega do Sal, Viña Mein Fermented in the Barrel, Eiras Altas, and Tinto Atlantico, the last of which made from the red Brancellao, Caiño and Sousón varieties.


Coop. Vitivinícola Del Riberiro. Founded in 1892 and helped contribute decisively to the revival of wines in the region of Ribeiro. Only 2 years after its founding, the winery released Pazo onto the market, the first wine from Ribeiro to be bottled and labelled. Nearly 800 members of the cooperative provide the for the grape harvest collection. The facilities span across 6,200 m2, home to stainless steel fermentation tanks used for the vinification of the best white wines by the company, such as the Viña Costeira and the single variety collection Colección 69, made with the different varieties of the region. 


Bodegas Reboreda. Sitauted along the Miño, this winery belongs to the Grupo Reboreda Morgadío, along with wineries within the DO Rías Baixes. The winery produces a range of wines including Reboreda Blanco, a blend of Treixadura, Godello, Palomino and Torrontés, a round, soft and structured wine, with notable fruity and floral aromas. Then there is Reboreda Tinto, a single variety red wine, made exclusively with Mencía grapes taken from a single estate. This wine offers a great structure on the palate, with aromas of berries and balanced tannins. The winery also produces the wine the El Gran Reboreda Blanco, a blend of Treixadura (80%), Godello (10%) and Loureira (10%) from the wineries own estate, it is a refined and elegant wine, with a great floral and fruity character, with fresh notes of apple and a balanced acidity. The winery’s latest innovation is the white wine 3URA, a blend of the three different grape varieties Treixadura (75%), as well as Godello and Loureira (25% between them), taken from 3 different estates. One of the wineries star wines is the tostado Alma de Reboreda, produced with the best Treixadura grapes which are harvested by hand, slowly pacified and finally aged for 2 years in oak barrels.


Coto de Gomariz. This winery resurfaced in the 1970’s, when Richard Carreiro Ameijeiras restructured the family vineyards by replanting native grape varieties, and is considered the first mechanized vineyard in the area. The winery first started bottling wines in the 1980’s, and in 2004 began cultivating its vineyards using organic and biodynamic agricultural techniques. Today the winery is home to 28 hectares of vineyards along the Avia valley. In Gomariz there are 24 hectares, almost all of which are cultivated through natural viticulture. Currently the areas are distinguished by the quality of the areas and soils. With the areas of Premier Cru and the youngest vines of Gran Cru, they market Vitivinícola del Avia, while Gomariz as the oldest vines are marketed Coto de Gomariz. The winery also produces an impressive collection of white and red wines under the labels Abadía de Gomariz, Ailalá, Coios, Coto de Gomariz, O Con, Salvaxe, Seica, as well as a collection of fun wines such as Súper Héroe, and the new wine The Flower and the Bee Sousón, as well as The Flower and the Bee Treixadura.


Bodegas Semeirás. A project by Antonio Cajide Gulín, a colleiteiro situated in San André de Camporredondo, which was expanded and renovated in 2002, providing it with the latest technology. The winery is home to 6 hectares of vineyards, formed by seven different plots, O’Cotiño, O’Forte, O’Naranxo, A Horta, Sameirás and O’Troque in the parish of Santo André, and A Abeleira in the neighbouring Rivadavia. The plots of vineyards are situated at altitudes between 95 and 290 metres above sea level, home to various soil varieties, dominated by shale, and slate evolved with the presence of pebble and quartz, especially in Santo André, as well as sandy granite soils in Rivadavia. The oldest vines on the vineyards are over 70 years old, while the youngest vines have been planted in the past 15 years. The winery produces three white wines with the labels Semeirá, 1040 and Viña do Avó, as well as the red wines Semeirás and Viña do Avó.


Bodegas Cunqueiro. This winery is situated on the left bank of the River Miño, and although became a commercial business in 1985, the family winery has been on the market since the ´60’s. The winery produces and markets a good collection of white and red wines, including Cunqueira, Cunqueiro III Milenium, Máis de Cunqueiro and Anciño. 

Outstanding wines from the D.O. Ribeiro:

  • Coto de Gomariz 2015

    White wine Young. Volume: 75 cl. Winery: Coto de Gomariz. Grapes used in this wine: Albariño and Godello and Treixadura and Loureiro.

    11,75 VAT incl.
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    11,20 €/u
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    Coto de Gomariz 2015

    White wine Young. Volume: 75 cl. Winery: Coto de Gomariz. Grapes used in this wine: Albariño and Godello and Treixadura and Loureiro.

    11,75 VAT incl.
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    11,20 €/u
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  • Viña Do Avó Blanco 2015

    White wine Young. Volume: 75 cl. Winery: Adega Antonio Cajide. Production area: Ribeiro. Grapes used in this wine: Albariño and Treixadura and Godello and Torrontés and Caíño Blanco and Lado.

    5,80 VAT incl.
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    5,55 €/u
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    Viña Do Avó Blanco 2015

    White wine Young. Volume: 75 cl. Winery: Adega Antonio Cajide. Production area: Ribeiro. Grapes used in this wine: Albariño and Treixadura and Godello and Torrontés and Caíño Blanco and Lado.

    5,80 VAT incl.
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    5,55 €/u
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  • Sameirás Blanco 2015

    White wine Young. Volume: 75 cl. Winery: Adega Antonio Cajide. Production area: Ribeiro. Grapes used in this wine: Albariño and Loureira Blanca and Caíño Blanco and Lado and Torrontés and Treixadura and Godello.

    • Peñin 91
    9,00 VAT incl.
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    Sameirás Blanco 2015

    White wine Young. Volume: 75 cl. Winery: Adega Antonio Cajide. Production area: Ribeiro. Grapes used in this wine: Albariño and Loureira Blanca and Caíño Blanco and Lado and Torrontés and Treixadura and Godello.

    • Peñin: 91
    9,00 VAT incl.
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  • Viña Do Avó Tinto 2015

    Red wine Young. Volume: 75 cl. Winery: Adega Antonio Cajide. Production area: Ribeiro. Grapes used in this wine: Mencía and Brancellao and Souson and Garnacha Tinta and Caíño Tinto.

    5,80 VAT incl.
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    Viña Do Avó Tinto 2015

    Red wine Young. Volume: 75 cl. Winery: Adega Antonio Cajide. Production area: Ribeiro. Grapes used in this wine: Mencía and Brancellao and Souson and Garnacha Tinta and Caíño Tinto.

    5,80 VAT incl.
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  • Finca Viñoa 2015

    White wine Barrel. Volume: 75 cl. Winery: Quinta de Couselo. Production area: Ribeiro. Grapes used in this wine: Albariño and Godello and Treixadura and Loureiro.

    • Peñin 93
    11,60 VAT incl.
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    10,95 €/u
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    Finca Viñoa 2015

    White wine Barrel. Volume: 75 cl. Winery: Quinta de Couselo. Production area: Ribeiro. Grapes used in this wine: Albariño and Godello and Treixadura and Loureiro.

    • Peñin: 93
    11,60 VAT incl.
    6x
    10,95 €/u
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  • The Flower and the Bee 2015

    White wine Barrel. 7 months in tank. Volume: 75 cl. Winery: Coto de Gomariz. Production area: Ribeiro. Grapes used in this wine: Treixadura.

    9,00 VAT incl.
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    8,60 €/u
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    The Flower and the Bee 2015

    White wine Barrel. 7 months in tank. Volume: 75 cl. Winery: Coto de Gomariz. Production area: Ribeiro. Grapes used in this wine: Treixadura.

    9,00 VAT incl.
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    8,60 €/u
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  • Coto de Gomariz 2014

    White wine Young. Volume: 75 cl. Winery: Coto de Gomariz. Production area: Ribeiro. Grapes used in this wine: Albariño and Godello and Treixadura and Loureiro.

    • Parker 93
    • Peñin 91
    11,75 VAT incl.
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    11,20 €/u
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    Coto de Gomariz 2014

    White wine Young. Volume: 75 cl. Winery: Coto de Gomariz. Production area: Ribeiro. Grapes used in this wine: Albariño and Godello and Treixadura and Loureiro.

    • Parker: 93
    • Peñin: 91
    11,75 VAT incl.
    6x
    11,20 €/u
    Last 5 available!
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  • Viña Meín Blanco 2015

    White wine Young. Volume: 75 cl. Winery: Viña Mein. Production area: Ribeiro. Grapes used in this wine: Albariño and Loureira Blanca and Godello and Torrontés and Treixadura and Lado.

    11,99 VAT incl.
    6x
    11,40 €/u
    Out of stock!
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    Viña Meín Blanco 2015

    White wine Young. Volume: 75 cl. Winery: Viña Mein. Production area: Ribeiro. Grapes used in this wine: Albariño and Loureira Blanca and Godello and Torrontés and Treixadura and Lado.

    11,99 VAT incl.
    6x
    11,40 €/u
    Out of stock!
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  • Sameirás Blanco 2014

    White wine Young. Volume: 75 cl. Winery: Adega Antonio Cajide. Production area: Ribeiro. Grapes used in this wine: Albariño and Loureira Blanca and Caíño Blanco and Lado and Torrontés and Treixadura and Godello.

    • Peñin 90
    9,00 VAT incl.
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    Sameirás Blanco 2014

    White wine Young. Volume: 75 cl. Winery: Adega Antonio Cajide. Production area: Ribeiro. Grapes used in this wine: Albariño and Loureira Blanca and Caíño Blanco and Lado and Torrontés and Treixadura and Godello.

    • Peñin: 90
    9,00 VAT incl.
    Last 12 available!
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  • Cuqueira 2015

    White wine Young. Volume: 75 cl. Winery: Cunqueiro. Production area: Ribeiro. Grapes used in this wine: Torrontés and Treixadura.

    5,80 VAT incl.
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    5,50 €/u
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    Cuqueira 2015

    White wine Young. Volume: 75 cl. Winery: Cunqueiro. Production area: Ribeiro. Grapes used in this wine: Torrontés and Treixadura.

    5,80 VAT incl.
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    5,50 €/u
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  • Atlantis Ribeiro 2015

    White wine Young. Volume: 75 cl. Winery: Maetierra. Production area: Ribeiro. Grapes used in this wine: Treixadura.

    8,60 VAT incl.
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    8,20 €/u
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    Atlantis Ribeiro 2015

    White wine Young. Volume: 75 cl. Winery: Maetierra. Production area: Ribeiro. Grapes used in this wine: Treixadura.

    8,60 VAT incl.
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    8,20 €/u
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  • Cunqueiro III Milenium 2015

    White wine Young. Volume: 75 cl. Winery: Cunqueiro. Production area: Ribeiro. Grapes used in this wine: Albariño and Treixadura and Loureira Blanca and Godello.

    11,95 VAT incl.
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    11,40 €/u
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    Cunqueiro III Milenium 2015

    White wine Young. Volume: 75 cl. Winery: Cunqueiro. Production area: Ribeiro. Grapes used in this wine: Albariño and Treixadura and Loureira Blanca and Godello.

    11,95 VAT incl.
    6x
    11,40 €/u
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  • Viña Meín Tinto Atlántico 2014

    Red wine Barrel. 10 months in oak barrels. Volume: 75 cl. Winery: Viña Mein. Production area: Ribeiro. Grapes used in this wine: Brancellao and Souson and Caíño Tinto.

    • Parker 92
    29,40 VAT incl.
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    27,90 €/u
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    Viña Meín Tinto Atlántico 2014

    Red wine Barrel. 10 months in oak barrels. Volume: 75 cl. Winery: Viña Mein. Production area: Ribeiro. Grapes used in this wine: Brancellao and Souson and Caíño Tinto.

    • Parker: 92
    29,40 VAT incl.
    6x
    27,90 €/u
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  • Viña Meín Tega do Sal 2014

    White wine Barrel. 9 months on lees in the barrel. Volume: 75 cl. Winery: Viña Mein. Production area: Ribeiro. Grapes used in this wine: Albariño and Treixadura and Loureira Blanca.

    • Parker 92
    24,65 VAT incl.
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    23,40 €/u
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    Viña Meín Tega do Sal 2014

    White wine Barrel. 9 months on lees in the barrel. Volume: 75 cl. Winery: Viña Mein. Production area: Ribeiro. Grapes used in this wine: Albariño and Treixadura and Loureira Blanca.

    • Parker: 92
    24,65 VAT incl.
    6x
    23,40 €/u
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  • Viña Meín Eiras Altas 2014

    White wine Barrel. 9 months in oak barrels. Volume: 75 cl. Winery: Viña Mein. Production area: Ribeiro. Grapes used in this wine: Treixadura and Godello.

    • Parker 90
    20,45 VAT incl.
    6x
    19,40 €/u
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    Viña Meín Eiras Altas 2014

    White wine Barrel. 9 months in oak barrels. Volume: 75 cl. Winery: Viña Mein. Production area: Ribeiro. Grapes used in this wine: Treixadura and Godello.

    • Parker: 90
    20,45 VAT incl.
    6x
    19,40 €/u
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  • Sameirás 1040 2013

    White wine Barrel. 6 months in French oak barrels. Volume: 75 cl. Winery: Adega Antonio Cajide. Production area: Ribeiro. Grapes used in this wine: Albariño and Godello and Treixadura and Lado.

    • Parker 90
    15,45 VAT incl.
    6x
    14,70 €/u
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    Sameirás 1040 2013

    White wine Barrel. 6 months in French oak barrels. Volume: 75 cl. Winery: Adega Antonio Cajide. Production area: Ribeiro. Grapes used in this wine: Albariño and Godello and Treixadura and Lado.

    • Parker: 90
    15,45 VAT incl.
    6x
    14,70 €/u
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  • Máis de Cunqueiro 2014

    White wine Young. Volume: 75 cl. Winery: Cunqueiro. Production area: Ribeiro. Grapes used in this wine: Albariño and Godello and Torrontés.

    12,40 VAT incl.
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    11,80 €/u
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    Máis de Cunqueiro 2014

    White wine Young. Volume: 75 cl. Winery: Cunqueiro. Production area: Ribeiro. Grapes used in this wine: Albariño and Godello and Torrontés.

    12,40 VAT incl.
    6x
    11,80 €/u
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  • Viña Do Avó Blanco 2014

    White wine Young. Volume: 75 cl. Winery: Adega Antonio Cajide. Production area: Ribeiro. Grapes used in this wine: Albariño and Treixadura and Godello and Torrontés and Caíño Blanco and Lado.

    -6% 5,80 €
    5,45 VAT incl.
    Last 11 available!
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    Reduced price!
    Viña Do Avó Blanco 2014

    White wine Young. Volume: 75 cl. Winery: Adega Antonio Cajide. Production area: Ribeiro. Grapes used in this wine: Albariño and Treixadura and Godello and Torrontés and Caíño Blanco and Lado.

    -6% 5,80 €
    5,45 VAT incl.
    Last 11 available!
    Reduced price!
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